Reports

Worldwatch Report #176: Farming Fish for the Future

From Asia to North America, people are eating more seafood, either because it’s the most affordable form of protein (as in many poorer nations) or because it’s the latest health food trend (as in many wealthy nations). But as the demand for fish rises, populations of both marine and freshwater species are being overexploited, resulting in stagnant or declining catches from many wild fisheries.

Worldwatch Report #175: Powering China’s Development: The Role of Renewable Energy

China’s need for secure, affordable, and environmentally sustainable energy for its 1.3 billion people is palpable. In 2006, China’s energy use was already the second highest in the world, having nearly doubled in the last decade, and its electricity use is growing even faster, having doubled since 2000. With both energy-intensive industry and high-tech manufacturing, China now serves as factory to the world.

Worldwatch Report #174: Oceans in Peril: Protecting Marine Biodiversity

Uniquely among the universe’s known planets, the Earth is a sphere dominated by watery oceans. They cover 70 percent of its surface and are home to a myriad of amazing and beautiful creatures. Life almost certainly originated in the oceans, yet the biological diversity of marine habitats is threatened by the activities of one largely land-based species: us. The activities through which humans threaten marine life include overfishing, use of destructive fishing methods, pollution, and commercial aquaculture.

Worldwatch Report #173: Beyond Disasters: Creating Opportunities for Peace

This report describes the recent experiences of Indonesia’s Aceh province, Sri Lanka, and Kashmir, among others, and suggests ways to better integrate disaster and conflict responses. The authors note that the human toll taken by natural disasters is increasing, adding to the list of deadly challenges faced by poor communities and countries worldwide, and that women, children, and the elderly are among those most vulnerable.

This publication is out of print, but the PDF and e-reader format is still available for purchase. 

Worldwatch Paper #172: Catch of the Day: Choosing Seafood for Healthier Oceans

Buyers of seafood—including individual consumers, schools, supermarkets, and large food distributors—can play an important role in reversing fishery declines and preserving the fresh catch of tomorrow. This report offers a refreshing reminder that we are not doomed to face an ocean wasteland "inhabited primarily by sea slime and jellyfish." Rather, a public that better understands the state of the world's oceans can be a driving force in helping governments pass legislation to ban destructive fishing, mandate seafood labels, decrease consumption of endangered fish, and create sustainable marine preserves.


American Energy - The Renewable Path to Energy Security

In advocating the thoughtful expansion of renewable technologies, American Energy presents a clear and practical path to end this country’s troublesome addiction to fossil fuels.

Worldwatch Paper #171: Happier Meals: Rethinking the Global Meat Industry

From transmission of disease and loss of livestock diversity to hazardous and unsanitary processing methods, factory farming is an unsafe, inhumane, and ecologically disruptive form of meat production. This report documents the harmful effects of factory farming in both industrialized and developing countries and explains the range of consequences for the environment, human health, and communities.

Worldwatch Paper #170: Liquid Assets: The Critical Need to Safeguard Freshwater Ecosystems

By taking advantage of the work that healthy watersheds and freshwater ecosystems perform naturally, cities and rural areas can purify drinking water, alleviate hunger, mitigate flood damages, and meet other societal goals at a fraction of the cost of conventional technological alternatives. But because commercial markets rarely put a price on these "ecosystem services," and because governments around the world are failing to protect them, they are being lost at a rapid rate.

Worldwatch Paper #169: Mainstreaming Renewable Energy in the 21st Century

Recent surges in gasoline prices and deepening instability in the Middle East are reminders that the world's heavy dependence on fossil fuels carries an array of hidden costs, including energy insecurity and damage to human health and the natural environment. Fortunately, more and more nations are recognizing that they can address these problems by investing in renewable energy. Solar and wind power are the world's fastest growing energy sources, and investors are pouring billions of dollars into these industries every year.

Worldwatch Paper #168: Venture Capitalism for a Tropical Forest: Cocoa in the Mata Atlantica

Brazil's Atlantic Forest is one of the world's biological "hotspots," a region of extraordinary, and threatened, biodiversity. Saving this forest will require a variety of strategies, one of which hinges on one of the world's favorite foods--cocoa--which in parts of Brazil is grown using a longstanding agroforestry system called cabruca. A revived and modernized form of cabruca would promote the ecological goal of forest restoration, the social goal of creating a strong and green rural economy, and the political goal of building an international consumer constituency for the endangered forest.