Matters of Scale - Trouble in the Pipeline

Matters of Scale Image

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Area of Israel
2 million hectares
Area of reindeer pasture in Russia destroyed by oil pollutants and fires in recent years
22 million hectares
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Amount of oil spilled in the Exxon Valdez disaster
257,000 barrels
Amount of oil spilled into the Niger River Delta between 1986 and 1996, according to a CIA study
2,500,000 barrels
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Amount the Texaco CEO was paid in 1995
$1,800,000
Amount the average worker at a Texaco oil well in Ecuador was paid that year
$1,800
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Amount of oil in the U.S. Strategic Petroleum Reserve, in days of net imports
53 days
Amount of food reserve in most U.S. cities
2 days
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Number of countries reported in World Rainforest Bulletin (16 articles) in which significant deforestation was caused by fire in recent years
9
Number of countries reported in World Rainforest Bulletin (80 articles) in which significant deforestation was caused by oil and gas exploitation
17
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Length of an oil pipeline in Colombia that has been bombed by guerrillas more than a thousand times since 1986, including 177 attacks in 2001 (the year of 9-11), totaling at least two bombings for each kilometer of pipeline:
490 km
Total length of nine larger oil pipelines now operating or under construction in politically volatile areas where recent unrest could make them prime rebel or terrorist targets*
14,872 km
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Sources: U.S. Central Intelligence Agency; Trade and Environment Database Case Studies, www.american.edu/TED; World Rainforest Bulletin; www.geocities.com/TheTropics/Cabana/4580/oil.html; Strategic Petroleum Reserve, U.S. Department of Energy; U.S. Department of State; www.princeton.edu/~afp/vol002_iss06/colombia.htm.

*Baku-Ceyhen, Baku-Supsa, Baku-Novorossiisk, Kazakhstan-Russia, and Caspian (through Azerbaijan, Georgia, Turkey, Russia, Chechnya, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, and Pakistan); Pakistan-China; Tibet-China; Bolivia-Brazil; Chad-Cameroon.