Reports

Worldwatch Paper #128: Imperiled Waters, Impoverished Future: The Decline of Freshwater Ecosystems

March 1996
Janet N. Abromovitz
ISBN: 1-878071-30-0
80 pages

A new Worldwatch Paper, Imperiled Waters, Impoverished Future: The Decline of Freshwater Ecosystems, demonstrates that giant dams, massive irrigation systems, and widespread logging often bring few economic benefits, and instead cause environmental degradation, poverty, and suffering, as well as irreplaceable loss of biodiversity.

...

Worldwatch Paper #127: Eco-Justice: Linking Human Rights and the Environment

December 1995
Aaron Sachs
ISBN: 1-878071-29-7
68 pages

The recent execution of Nigerian activist Ken Saro-Wiwa for the "crime" of organizing an environmental campaign tragically underscores the findings of a study from the Worldwatch Institute--that the ravages of environmental exploitation are often backed up by brutal human rights violations. Documented cases not only in Nigeria but also in the...

Worldwatch Paper #126: Partnership for the Planet: An Environmental Agenda for the United Nations

July 1995
Hilary F. French
ISBN: 1-878071-27-0
71 pages

Unless the United Nations' key environmental initiatives are maintained and strengthened, no government will be able to protect its citizens from such global threats as skin cancer caused by ozone depletion, disrupted weather patterns caused by climate change, or the unemployment and high seafood prices caused by the further collapse of...

Worldwatch Paper #125: The Hour of Departure: Forces that Create Refugees and Migrants

June 1995
Hal Kane
ISBN: 1-878071-26-2
56 pages

Nearly 4 million new refugees fled their homes in 1994, bringing the total of the world's official refugees to 23 million. This is the greatest number of refugees of our era, nearly equal to the population of Canada, reports a new Worldwatch Paper, The Hour of Departure: Forces that Create Refugees and Migrants.

In addition to official...

Worldwatch Paper #124: A Building Revolution: How Ecology and Health Concerns Are Transforming Construction

March 1995
David Malin Roodman and Nicholas Lenssen
ISBN: 1-878071-25-4
67 pages

The modern buildings we live and work in rival such well-known polluters as cars and manufacturing as sources of harm to the environment, adding greatly to deforestation, the risk of global warming, overuse of water, and acid rain.

A new Worldwatch report, A Building Revolution: How Ecology and Health Concerns Are...

Worldwatch Paper #123: High Priorities: Conserving Mountain Ecosystems and Cultures

February 1995
Derek Denniston
ISBN: 1-878071-24-6
80 pages

Many people perceive mountains as powerful symbols of pristine wilderness and natural beauty. But these perceptions belie the vulnerabilities of mountain environments and the social marginalization of their peoples.

Mountains make up one-fifth of the world’s landscapes and are home to at least one-tenth of the world’s...

Worldwatch Paper #122: Budgeting for Disarmament: The Costs of War and Peace

November 1994
Michael Renner
ISBN: 1-878071-23-8
70 pages

The first systematic study of global peace and disarmament budgets shows a rapid rise from $2.5 billion in 1989 to nearly $16 billion in 1994, while military budgets dropped 23 percent. Yet peace spending still equals only 2 percent of military spending, according to a new Worldwatch study, "Budgeting for Disarmament: The Costs of War and...

Worldwatch Paper #121: The Next Efficiency Revolution: Creating a Sustainable Materials Economy

September 1994
John E. Young and Aaron Sachs
ISBN: 1-878071-22-X
58 pages

Consumer societies can no longer avoid confronting the inefficiency with which they use materials, according to a new Worldwatch Institute study. An overhaul of the materials economy--redesigning products and processes and reducing waste--would create millions of new jobs, while reducing the production of toxic waste and a...

Worldwatch Paper #120: Net Loss: Fish, Jobs & the Marine Environment

July 1994
Peter Weber
ISBN: 1-878071-21-1
76 pages

With fisheries policy fiercely debated from the U.S. Congress to the United Nations, "Net Loss: Fish, Jobs & the Marine Environment," examines the ecological, social and economic crisis in world fisheries. Researcher Peter Weber describes a half- century of unsustainable fishing practices, reliance on exploitive technologies, and self-...

Worldwatch Paper #119: Powering the Future: Blueprint for a Sustainable Electricity Industry

June 1994
Christopher Flavin and Nicholas Lenssen
ISBN: 1-878071-20-3
74 pages

New technologies and a more competitive market will severely shake the $800-billion-a-year electric power industry--one of the world's largest--in the next few years, reports the Worldwatch Institute.

Pressured by real competition for the first time, some of today's large, debt-burdened power companies may...