Worldwatch Paper #121: The Next Efficiency Revolution: Creating a Sustainable Materials Economy

September 1994
John E. Young and Aaron Sachs
ISBN: 1-878071-22-X
58 pages

Consumer societies can no longer avoid confronting the inefficiency with which they use materials, according to a new Worldwatch Institute study. An overhaul of the materials economy--redesigning products and processes and reducing waste--would create millions of new jobs, while reducing the production of toxic waste and a...

Worldwatch Paper #120: Net Loss: Fish, Jobs & the Marine Environment

July 1994
Peter Weber
ISBN: 1-878071-21-1
76 pages

With fisheries policy fiercely debated from the U.S. Congress to the United Nations, "Net Loss: Fish, Jobs & the Marine Environment," examines the ecological, social and economic crisis in world fisheries. Researcher Peter Weber describes a half- century of unsustainable fishing practices, reliance on exploitive technologies, and self-...

Worldwatch Paper #119: Powering the Future: Blueprint for a Sustainable Electricity Industry

June 1994
Christopher Flavin and Nicholas Lenssen
ISBN: 1-878071-20-3
74 pages

New technologies and a more competitive market will severely shake the $800-billion-a-year electric power industry--one of the world's largest--in the next few years, reports the Worldwatch Institute.

Pressured by real competition for the first time, some of today's large, debt-burdened power companies may...

Worldwatch Paper #118: Back on Track: The Global Rail Revival

April 1994
Marcia D. Lowe
ISBN: 1-878071-19-X
54 pages

A growing world transportation crisis is driving government funding away from building roads and airports and toward a global rail revival. This investment is providing an economic boon to the regions involved.

European planners are creating a high-speed rail system connecting every major European city. China plans a $20 billion investment...

Worldwatch Paper #117: Saving the Forests: What Will It Take?

December 1993
Alan Thein Durning
ISBN: 1-878071-18-1
51 pages

Two thirds of the planet's original forests have been felled, and despite a decade of well-meaning global initiatives, the chainsaw is working faster than ever. To halt deforestation will require no less than restructuring three features of the modern economy: property rights to forests, pricing of forest products, and political power...

Worldwatch Paper #116: Abandoned Seas: Resersing the Decline of the Oceans

November 1993
Peter Weber
ISBN: 1-878071-16-5
66 pages

Public concern over the oceans typically focuses on oil spills and the fouling of beaches, but far greater threats are posed by coastal habitat destruction, overfishing, and pollution from industry, farms and households that daily drains into the sea, concludes the author in Abandoned Seas: Reversing the Decline of Oceans. These assaults imperil...

Worldwatch Paper #115: Global Network: Computers in a Sustainable Society

September 1993
John E. Young
ISBN: 1-878071-17-3
57 pages

Faster, cheaper computers, better programs, and rapidly expanding international computer networks are becoming extraordinary tools for environmental protection and sustainable development, according to the author of Global Network: Computers in a Sustainable Society.

Computers have made it possible to model the effects of air pollution...

Worldwatch Paper #114: Critical Juncture: The Future of Peacekeeping

May 1993
Michael Renner
ISBN: 1-878071-15-7
74 pages

The collapse of Bosnia, far from being a unique horror, may presage many other post-Cold War conflicts unless the international community rapidly strengthens its peacekeeping machinery, concludes Critical Juncture: The Future of Peacekeeping, a study from the Worldwatch Institute, a policy research group based in Washington, D.C.


Worldwatch Paper #113: Costly Tradeoffs: Reconciling Trade and the Environment

March 1993
Hilary F. French
ISBN: 1-878071-14-9
74 pages

World trade--growing far faster than the global economy itself--is an engine that currently accelerates the environmental degradation caused by unsustainable economic activity. But it also has the power to pull the world onto an environmentally sustainable track--if environmental protection is included in the evolving rules of international...

Worldwatch Paper #112: Guardians of the Land: Indigenous Peoples and the Health of the Earth

December 1992
A. Durning
ISBN: 1-878071-13-0
62 pages

Human cultures, like plant and animal species, are becoming extinct at unprecedented rates. In addition, the fates of cultural and biological diversity are closely linked, reports a new study from the Worldwatch Institute.

Of the world's 6,000 languages--representing approximately the same number of cultures--half will likely disappear...