Sources and Resources for "Katrina: The Failures of Success"

“The Conspiracy of the Levees”

Craig E. Colten, An Unnatural Metropolis:  Wresting New Orleans from Nature.  Baton Rouge:  LSU Press, 2005.

Ari Kelman,  A River and Its City: The Nature of Landscape in New Orleans.  Berkeley:  University of California Press, 2003.

Peirce F. Lewis, New Orleans:  The Making of an Urban Landscape, 2nd.  Santa Fe:  Center for American Places, 2003.

“Katrina’s National Security Impacts”

American Association of Port Authorities, World Port Rankings 2004 (

Robert Bamberger, Congressional Research Service, “CRS Issue Brief: Strategic Petroleum Reserve,” updated November 25, 2005.

Robert L. Bamberger and Lawrence Kumins, Oil and Gas: Supply Issues After Katrina and Rita, Congressional Research Service, October 3, 2005.

Mary Jane Bolle, Trade in the U.S. Gulf Region: Hurricanes Katrina, Rita and Beyond, Congressional Research Service, November 23, 2005.

Bureau of Economic Analysis, “Services and Goods Sectors Both Strong Despite Slowdown in 2005,” news release, April 27, 2006.

Brian W. Cashell and Marc Labonte, Congressional Research Service, The Macroeconomic Effects of Hurricane Katrina, September 13, 2005.

Vanessa Cieslak, Ports in Lousiana: New Orleans, South Louisiana, and Baton Rouge, Congressional Research Service, October 14, 2005.

George Friedman, Stratfor, “New Orleans: A Geopolitical Prize,” September 01, 2005.

Mark Gerencser, Jim Weinberg, and Don Vincent,  Port Security War Game: Implications for U.S. Supply Chains, Booz Allen Hamilton, 2003, at

Peter Gordon, James E. Moore, Jiyoung Park, Harry W. Richardson, and Qisheng Pan, “The Economic Impact of a Terrorist Attack on the Twin Ports of Los Angeles-Long Beach,” in Richardson, Gordon, and Moore, eds., The Economic Impacts of a Terrorist Attack (Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar, date unknown).

International Energy Agency (IEA) “Oil Market Report,” 9 September 2005 (

IEA, “Oil Market Report,” 10 November 2005 (

Lawrence Kumins and Robert Bamberger, Congressional Research Service, Oil and Gas Disruption From Hurricanes Katrina and Rita, updated April 6, 2006.

Claude Mandil, IEA executive director, statement to the 11th Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC, 9 December 2005.

Paul W. Parfomak, Vulnerability of Concentrated Critical Infrastructure: Background and Policy Options, Congressional Research Service, December 21, 2005.

Randy Schnepf and Ralph M. Chite, “U.S. Agriculture After Hurricanes Katrina and Rita: Status and Issues,” Congressional Research Service, Updated October 5, 2005

USA Trade Online, monthly port-level exports/imports data, at

U.S. Census Bureau, hurricane and emergency preparedness data for Katrina and Rita, at and

U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, World Fact Book.

U.S. Department of the Interior Minerals Management Service, “Interior Secretary Gale Norton Reports on Gulf of Mexico Energy Status,” press release, October 4, 2005 .

U.S. Department of the Interior Minerals Management Service, “Updates: Hurricanes Katrina and Rita Damage,” various during 2005 and 2006.

——, “Impact Assessment of Offshore Facilities from Hurricanes Katrina and Rita,” MMS News Release, January 19, 2006.

The White House, The Federal Response to Hurricane Katrina:  Lessons Learned, February 2006.

The White House, National Strategy for the Physical Protection of Critical Infrastructures and Key Assets, February 2003.

“Race and the High Ground in New Orleans”

Bus Riders Union, Los Angeles, BRU Five-Year Plan for County-Wide New Bus Service, 2005. Available at

Mike Davis, “Who Is Killing New Orleans?” The Nation, April 10, 2006.

Greater New Orleans Community Data Center,

Eric Mann, Katrina’s Legacy: White Racism and Black Reconstruction in New Orleans and the Gulf Coast. Los Angeles: Frontlines Press, 2006.

Eric Mann et al., Reconstructing Los Angeles from the Bottom Up.  Labor/Community Strategy Center, 1993.  Available at

John McQuaid, “Dutch Defense, Dutch Masters,” New Orleans Times-Picayune, November 13, 2005.

“Black Water Rising”


Kerry Emanuel, “Anthropogenic Effects on Tropical Cyclone Activity,” revised January 2006,

Kerry A. Emanuel, Divine Wind: The history and science of hurricanes, New York: Oxford University Press, 2005.

Kerry A. Emanuel, “Increasing Destructiveness of Tropical Cyclones Over the Past 30 Years,” Nature, vol. 436, August 4, 2005.

Richard A. Kerr, “Is Katrina a Harbinger of Still More Powerful Hurricanes?” Science, vol. 309, September 16, 2005.

Thomas R. Knutson and Robert E. Tuleya, “Impact of CO2-Induced Warming on Simulated Hurricane Intensity and Precipitation: Sensitivity to the Choice of Climate Model
and Convective Parameterization,” Journal of Climate, vol. 17, no. 18, September 15, 2004.

R.A. Pielke, Jr. and R. A. Pielke, Sr.: Hurricanes: Their Nature and Impacts on Society, New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1997.

R.A. Pielke, Jr., et al., “Hurricanes and Global Warming,” Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, December 2005.

Kevin Trenberth, “Uncertainty in Hurricanes and Global Warming. Science, vol. 308, June 17, 2005.

P.J. Webster, et al., “Changes in Tropical Cyclone Number, Duration, and Intensity in a Warming Environment, Science, vol. 309, September 16, 2005.

Polar Warming and Melting

Richard B. Alley et al., “Ice-Sheet and Sea-Level Changes,” Science, vol. 310, October 21, 2005.

Arctic Climate Impact Assessment, Impacts of a Warming Arctic (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom, 2004).

Charles R. Bentley, “Rapid Sea-Level Rise Soon From West Antarctic Ice-Sheet Collapse?” Science, vol. 275, February 21, 1997.

Robert Bindschadler, “Hitting the Ice Sheets Where It Hurts,” Science, vol. 311, March 24, 2006.

A.J. Cook et al., “Retreating Glacier Fronts on the Antarctic Peninsula Over the Past Half-Century,” Science, vol. 308, April 22, 2005.

Curt H. Davis et al., “Snowfall-Driven Growth in East Antarctic Ice Sheet Mitigates Recent Sea-Level Rise,” Science, vol. 308, June 24, 2005.

Hernán De Angelis and Pedro Skvarca, “Glacier Surge After Ice Shelf Collapse,” Science, vol. 299, March 7, 2003.

Julian A. Dowdeswell, “The Greenland Ice Sheet and Global Sea-Level Rise,” Science, vol. 311, February 17, 2006.

Göran Ekström et al., “Seasonality and Increasing Frequency of Greenland Glacial Earthquakes,” Science, vol. 311, March 24, 2006.

Jonathan A. Foley, “Tipping Points in the Tundra,” Science, vol. 310, October 28, 2005.

Edward Hanna et al., “Runoff and Mass Balance of the Greenland Ice Sheet: 1958–2003,” Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 110, 2005.

Jocelyn Kaiser, “Warmer Ocean Could Threaten Antarctic Ice Shelves,” Science, vol. 302, October 31, 2003.

Richard A. Kerr, “A Worrying Trend of Less Ice, Higher Seas,” Science, vol. 311, March 24, 2006.

Byron R. Parizek and Richard B. Alley, “Implications of Increased Greenland Surface Melt Under Global-Warming Scenarios: Ice-Sheet Simulations,” Quaternary Science Reviews, vol. 23, 2004.

Eric Rignot and Pannir Kanagaratnam, “Changes in the Velocity Structure of the Greenland Ice Sheet,” Science, vol. 311, February 17, 2006.

Eric Rignot and Stanley S. Jacobs, “Rapid Bottom Melting Widespread Near Antarctic Ice Sheet Grounding Lines,” Science, vol. 296, June 14, 2002.

D.A. Rothrock and J. Zhang, “Arctic Ocean Sea Ice Volume: What Explains Its Recent Depletion?” Journal of Geophysical Research, 110, C01002.

Andrew Shepherd et al., “Larsen Ice Shelf Has Progressively Thinned,” Science, vol. 302, October 31, 2003.

Konrad Steffen and Russell Huff, “Greenland Melt Extent, 2005,” published online, September 26, 2005,

J.C. Stroeve et al., “Tracking the Arctic’s Shrinking Ice Cover: Another Extreme September Minimum in 2004,” Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 32, 2005.

R. Thomas et al., “Accelerated Sea-Level Rise from West Antarctica,” Science, vol. 306, October 8, 2004.

Isabella Velicogna and John Wahr, “Greenland Mass Balance from GRACE,” Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 32, L18505, 2005.

Isabella Velicogna and John Wahr, “Measurements of Time-Variable Gravity Show Mass Loss in Antarctica,” published online at, March 2, 2006.

Zwally, H. Jay et al., “Mass Changes of the Greenland and Antarctic Ice Sheets and Shelves and Contributions to Sea-Level Rise: 1992-2002,” Journal of Glaciology, vol. 51, no. 175, December 2005.

Sea Level—History, Trends, and Impacts

Federal Insurance Administration, Federal Emergency Management Agency, Projected Impact of Relative Sea Level Rise on the National Flood Insurance Program, Washington, DC, 1991.

Vivien Gornitz et al., “Impacts of Sea Level Rise in the New York City Metropolitan Area,” Global and Planetary Changes, vol. 32, 2002, pp. 61-68.

Richard J.T. Klein et al., “The Resilience of Coastal Megacities to Weather-Related Hazards, A Review,” in Kreimer et al. (eds.), Proceedings of The Future of Disaster Risk: Building Safer Cities, Washington D.C.: World Bank, December 2002.

Alix Lombard et al., “Thermosteric Sea Level Rise for the Past 50 Years; Comparison with Tide Gauges and Inference on Water Mass Contribution,” Global and Planetary Change, vol. 48, 2005.

Gerald A. Meehl et al., “How Much More Global Warming and Sea Level Rise?” Science, vol. 307, March 18, 2005.

Kenneth G. Miller et al., “The Phanerozoic Record of Global Sea-Level Change,” Science, vol. 310, November 25, 2005.

Laury Miller and Bruce C. Douglas, “Mass and Volume Contributions to Twentieth-Century Global Sea Level Rise,” Nature, vol. 428, March 25, 2004.

Walter Munk, “Ocean Freshening, Sea Level Rising,” Science, vol. 300, June 27, 2003.

James E. Neumann et al., “Sea-Level Rise and Global Climate Change: A Review of Impacts to U.S. Coasts,” prepared for the Pew Center on Global Climate Change, February 2000.

Robert J. Nicholls, "Case Study on Sea-Level Rise Impacts", OECD Workshop on the Benefits of Climate Policy: Improving Information for Policy Makers, ENV/EPOC/GSP(2003)9/FINAL,: Paris, OECD, 2003.

Robert J. Nicholls et al., “Increasing Flood Risk and Wetland Losses Due to Global Sea-Level Rise: Regional and Global Analyses,” Global Environmental Change, vol. 9, S69-S87.

Robert J. Nicholls et al., “Global Estimates of the Impact of a Collapse of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet: An Application of FUND,” Working Paper FNU78, Research Unit Sustainability and Global Change, Hamburg University and Centre for Marine and Atmospheric Science, July 13, 2005.

Robert J. Nicholls and Frank M.J. Hoozemans, “Global Vulnerability Analysis,” prepared for M. Schwartz (ed.), Encyclopedia of Coastal Science, November 2, 2000.

Bette L. Otto-Bliesner et al., “Simulating Arctic Climate Warmth and Icefield Retreat in the Last Interglaciation,” Science, vol. 311, March 24, 2006.

Jonathan T. Overpeck et al., “Paleoclimatic Evidence for Future Ice-Sheet Instability and Rapid Sea-Level Rise,” Science, vol. 311, March 24, 2006.

“Potential Impacts of Accelerated Sea-Level Rise on Developing Countries,” Journal of Coastal Research, Special Issue No. 14, Spring 1995

James G. Titus, “Does the U.S. Government Realize That the Sea Is Rising? How to Restructure Federal Programs So That Wetlands and Beaches Survive,” Golden Gate University Law Review, vol. 30, no. 4, 2000.

James G. Titus and Charlie Richman, “Maps of Lands Vulnerable to Sea Level Rise: Modeled Elevations Along the U.S. Atlantic and Gulf Coasts,”$File/maps.pdf

T.M.L. Wigley, “The Climate Change Commitment,” Science, vol. 307, March 18, 2005.

University of Arizona interactive sea-level rise maps:

Global Warming, Ocean Warming, and General Background

Tim P. Barnett et al., “Penetration of Human-Induced Warming into the World’s Oceans,” Science, vol. 309, July 8, 2005.

James Hansen, “Defusing the Global Warming Time Bomb,” Scientific American, March 2004.

James Hansen et al., “Earth’s Energy Imbalance: Confirmation and Implications,” Science, vol. 308, 3 June 2005.

James Hansen, “A Slippery Slope: How Much Global Warming Constitutes ‘Dangerous Anthropogenic Interference,” Climatic Change, vol. 68, 2005.

Elizabeth Kolbert, “The Climate of Man--I,” New Yorker, April 25, 2005.

Elizabeth Kolbert, “The Climate of Man--II,” New Yorker, May 2, 2005.

Elizabeth Kolbert, “The Climate of Man--III,” New Yorker, May 9, 2005.

Elizabeth Kolbert, “Watermark,” New Yorker, February 27, 2006.

Sydney Levitus et al., “Warming of the World Ocean,” Science, vol. 287, March 24, 2000.

“New Orleans: Only the Beginning?”

John M. Barry, Rising Tide: The Great Mississippi Flood of 1927 and How It Changed America. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1995.

Cain Burdeau, “Feds Confirm Fears of New Orleans Flooding,” Associated Press, July 27, 2006.

J.T. Overpeck, B.L. Otto-Bliesner, G.H. Miller, D.R. Muhs, R.B. Alley, and J.T. Kiehl,  “Paleoclimatic Evidence for Future Ice-Sheet Instability and Rapid Sea-Level Rise,” Science 311: 1747-1750.

The Woods Hole Research Center website ( has extensive publications on the climatic disruption, its causes and effects.

The NRDC website  ( and articles in OnEarth from the NRDC are rich sources
of detailed data on the present hazards of returning to live in New Orleans. See in particular, an analysis of EPA test results .

“Exporting Calamity”

Janine Bloomfield, “The Potential Impacts of Global Warming on the Metropolitan East Coast: Critical Findings for the New York Metropolitan Region From the First National Assessment of the Potential Consequences of Climate Variability and Change,” June 2, 2006,

Kerry Emanuel, Divine Wind: The History and Science of Hurricanes. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005.

Tim Flannery, The Weather Makers: How Man Is Changing the Climate and What It Means for Life on Earth. New York: Atlantic Monthly Press, 2005.

Ross Gelbspan, Boiling Point: How Politicians, Big Oil and Coal, Journalists, and Activists Are Fueling the Climate Crisis—and What We Can Do To Avert Disaster. New York: Basic Books, 2004.

——, The Heat Is On: The High Stakes Battle Over Earth’s Threatened Climate. New York:
Addison-Wesley, 1997.

James Hansen et al., “Global Warming in the 21st Century: An Alternative Scenario.” New York: Goddard Institute for Space Studies, June 2, 2006,

Bruce Katz, Matt Fellowes, and Mia Mabanta. Katrina Index: Tracking Variables of Post-Katrina Reconstruction, The Brookings Institution, December 6, 2005,

Thomas R. Knutson and Robert E. Tuleya. “Impact of CO2-Induced Warming on Simulated Hurricane Intensity and Precipitation: Sensitivity to the Choice of Climate Model and Convective Parameterization,” Journal of Climate 17.18 (15 Sep. 2004): 3477-3495.

Elizabeth Kolbert, Field Notes from a Catastrophe: Man, Nature, and Climate Change. New York: Bloomsbury USA, 2006.

Louisiana Coastal Wetlands Conservation and Restoration Task Force and the Wetlands Conservation and Restoration Authority, Coast 2050: Toward a Sustainable Coastal Louisiana, 1998.

Select Committee to Investigate the Preparation for and Response to Hurricane Katrina, U.S. House of Representatives. A Failure of Initiative: The Final Report of the Select Bipartisan Committee to Investigate the Preparation for and Response to Hurricane Katrina. Washington, D.C., 2006.

Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs, Hurricane Katrina: A Nation Still
Unprepared, Washington, D.C., 2006.

Edward Tenner, Why Things Bite Back: Technology and the Revenge of Unintended Consequences. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., 1996.

Mike Tidwell, Bayou Farewell: The Rich Life and Tragic Death of Louisiana’s Cajun Coast. New York: Pantheon, 2003.

Robert T. Watson et al., Climate Change 2001: Third Assessment Report. Wembley, U.K.:
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, September 2001.

P.J. Webster, G.J. Holland, J.A. Curry, and H.R. Chang. “Changes in Tropical Cyclone Number, Duration, and Intensity in a Warming Environment,” Science 309.5742: 1844-1846.

Ronald Wright, A Short History of Progress. Toronto: House of Anansi Press, Inc., 2004.