Sources and Resources for "Of Butterflies, Birds, and Bees"


Kakamega: A Forest for the People. The ecology and conservation of the Kakamega Forest, with references, links, and travel info.

Kenya Parks Information: Kakamega Forest -- Kilimanjaro Adventure Travel

Kenya Wildife Service: Kakamega Forest National Reserve

Kenya Web: Kakamega District -- Physical, economic, political, and demographic information

Kenya Birds

Bennun, L. & J. Fanshawe: Using forest birds to evaluate forest management: an East African perspective. Includes information on Kakamega Forest



Angwin, D. 1980. Natural history notes from Kakamega Forest, western Kenya: Part 1, mammals, birds and Lepidoptera. EANHS Bulletin 1980: 27-34.

Bennun, L. A. 1992. Ornithological Report, Kakamega Forest. Centre for Biodiversity, National Museums of Kenya: KIFCON, Karura Forest Station, Nairobi.

Clifton, M. P. 1980. Natural history notes from Kakamega Forest, western Kenya: Part 2, Lepidoptera. EANHS Bulletin 1980: 54-55.

Collar, N. J. and S. N. Stuart 1988. Key Forests for Threatened Birds in Africa. ICBP Monograph No. 3.

Cords, M. 1987. Mixed-species association of Cercopithecus monkeys in the Kakamega Forest, Kenya. University of California Publications in Zoology 117: 109 + xiv pp.

Deshmukh, I. K. 1982. Diversity of understory arthropods in an indigenous forest and an exotic eucalyptus plantation in western Kenya. Kenya J. Sci. Tech. Series B Biol. Sci. 3: 3-7.

Diamond, T. 1979. Kakamega: is there a way to stop the rot? Swara 2(1): 25-26.

Emerton, L. 1991. Licensed utilisation of Kakamega Forest. Kenya Indigenous Forest Conservation Programme, Forest Dept., Nairobi.

Emerton, L. 1992. Summary of Findings on Forest Utilisation in Kakamega Forest. Kenya Indigenous Forest Conservation Programme, Forest Dept., Nairobi.

Emerton, L. 1994. Summary of the Current Value of Use of Kakamega Forest. KIFCON, Karura Forest Station, Natural Resources Institute, Nairobi.

Emmel T. C. and A. D. Warren. 1993. The butterfly faunas of the Kakamega Rain Forest and the Masai Mara Savanna in Kenya, East Africa. Tropical Lepidoptera 4: 66-76.

Gibbon, M. 1991. The Kakamega Forest Night Survey. Kenya Indigenous Forest Conservation Programme, Forest Dept., Nairobi.

Kenya Indigenous Forest Conservation Programme. 1994. Kakamega Forest: The Official Guide. Forest Dept., Nairobi.

Kigomo, B. N. 1987. Some observations on regeneration trials in the Kakamega and south Nandi natural forests, Kenya. E. Afr. Agric. Forestry J. 52: 184-195.

Kokwaro, J. O. 1988. Conservation status of the Kakamega Forest in Kenya: The easternmost relic of the equatorial rain forests of Africa. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Garden 25: 471-489.

Lucas, G. Ll. 1968. Kenya. Pp 152-159 in I. Hedberg & O. Hedberg (eds.). Conservation of Vegetation in Africa South of the Sahara. Acta Phytogeogr. Suecica 54.

Mutangah, J. G., O. M. Mwangangi and P. K. Mwaura. 1992. Kakamega Forest Vegetation Survey. Kenya Indigenous Forest Conservation Programme, National Museums of Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya.

Rowell, T. 1982. Kakamega Forest. Swara 5: 8-9.

Savalli, U. M. 1990. Bird watching at the new Kakamega National Reserve. Bull. E. Afr. Nat. Hist. Soc. 20: 59-63.

Savalli, U. M. 1991. New bird records for the Kakamega Forest, Kenya, including new breeding records. Scopus 15: 35-41.

Spawls, S. 1978. A checklist of the snakes of Kenya. J. E. Africa Nat. Hist. Soc. 31: 1-18.

Tsingalia, H. M. 1988. Animals and the Regeneration of an African Rainforest Tree. Thesis, University of California at Berkeley.

Tsingalia, H. M. 1989. Variation in seedling predation and herbivory in Prunus africana in the Kakamega Forest Kenya. Afr. J. Ecol. 27: 207-218.

Tsingalia, H. M. 1990. Habitat disturbance severity and patterns of abundance in Kakamega Forest Western Kenya. Afr.  J. Ecol.  28: 213-226.

Zimmerman, D. A. 1972. The avifauna of the Kakamega Forest, western Kenya, including a bird population study. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 149: 255-339.