Matters of Scale - Official Report Card

Progress Report of PLANET EARTH, from RIO to JOHANNESBURG, Grade _________

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Share of the world's coral reefs damaged by human pressures and global warming 1
1992: 10 percent
2002: 27 percent (2000)
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Annual world carbon emissions from fossil fuel burning 2
1992: 5,992 million tons of carbon
2002: 6,553 million tons of carbon (2001)
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Forest cover, worldwide 3
(14.6 million hectares cleared per year with 5.2 million hectares of aforestation)
1992: 3.963 billion hectares (4.5 % plantations) (1990)
2002: 3.869 billion hectares(5% plantations) (2000)
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Human population Annual population growth rate 4
1992: 5.4 billion; 81 million people/year
2002: 6.2 billion; 77 million people/year(2001)
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Approximate number of people with-out access to clean drinking water 5
1992: 1.1 billion (1990)
2002: 1.1 billion (2000)
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Number of people living without adequate sanitation 6
1992: 2.36 billion (1990)
2002: 2.40 billion (2000)
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Number of adults who are illiterate 7
1992: 893 million (1990)
2002: 877 million (2000)
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Number of people living on less than the equivalent of $1 a day 8
1992: 1.3 billion (1990)
2002: 1.2 billion (1998)
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. . . on less than $2 a day 8
1992: 2.7 billion (1990)
2002: 2.8 billion (1998)
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Percentage of people living in urban areas 9
1992: 43.5 (1990)
2002: 47.0 (2000)
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Number of people living in urban areas 9
1992: 2.3 billion (1990)
2002: 2.8 billion (2000)
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Contribution of development aid from top 15 donor countries (2000 dollars)10
1992: 73 billion
2002: 53.75 billion (2000)
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Sources:
1 Worldwatch Institute, Vital Signs 2001(New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 2001), p. 92.
2 Vital Signs 2002, p. 52.
3 UN Food and Agriculture Organization, State of the World?s Forests, 2001.
4 Vital Signs 2002, p. 89.
5 Vital Signs 2001, p. 94; WHO/UNICEF, Global Water Supply and Sanitation Assessment 2000 Report.
6 ibid.
7 UNESCO Statistical Yearbook 1999 edition (updated 2002), www.uis.unesco.org/en/stats/stats0.htm viewed 26 June 2002.
8 www.worldbank.org/poverty/data/trends/income.htm.
9 United Nations, World Urbanization Prospects: 1999 Revision.
10 Vital Signs 2002, p. 118.