Sources and Resources for Pollination Panic

World Bee Checklist

Discover Life bee checklist
Explore the world's 19,200 species of bees.

Status of Pollinators in North America
A comprehensive report from the U.S. National Research Council, detailing what we know (and what we don't) about the status of native and managed pollinators. The report, released before the emergence of colony collapse disorder, indicates declines in both honeybees and native bees.

U.S. Department of Agriculture news page on colony collapse disorder

The Xerces Society
This invertebrate conservation organization offers information about native pollinators, including instructions for building nests for native bees and guidelines for making gardens, agriculture, and even golf courses friendlier to native pollinators. 

Pollinator Partnership
Region-specific (U.S.) planting guidelines to help attract native pollinators.

Logan Bee Lab
Research conducted by these U.S. Department of Agriculture scientists includes investigating how to manage various species of native pollinators for agricultural production.

ALARM (assessing large-scale risks for biodiversity using tested methods) Project
European Union biodiversity monitoring effort, with one major component focused on pollinators.

From the scientific literature

Winfree, R., N. M. Williams, H. Gaines, J. S. Ascher, and C. Kremen. 2008. Wild bee pollinators provide the majority of crop visitation across land-use gradients in New Jersey and Pennsylvania, USA. Journal of Applied Ecology 45:793-802.

Winfree, R., N. M. Williams, J. Dushoff, and C. Kremen. 2007. Native bee losses provide insurance against ongoing honey bee losses. Ecology Letters 10:1105-1113.  Agriculture in the Delaware Valley is compatible with a diverse community of native bees.

Kremen, C., N. M. Williams, R. L. Bugg, J. P. Fay, and R. W. Thorp. 2004. The area requirements of an ecosystem service: crop pollination by native bee communities in California. Ecology Letters 7:1109-1119.

Larsen, T. H., N. M. Williams, and C. Kremen. 2005. Extinction order and altered community structure rapidly disrupt ecosystem functioning. Ecology Letters 8:538-547.  In California's Central Valley, highly intensive agriculture doesn't leave much room for native bees.

Ricketts, T. H. 2004. Tropical forest fragments enhance pollinator activity in nearby coffee crops. Conservation Biology 18:1262-1271.

Klein, A. M., B. Vaissiere, J. H. Cane, I. Steffan-Dewenter, S. A. Cunningham, C. Kremen, and T. Tscharntke. 2007. Importance of crop pollinators in changing landscapes for world crops. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B-Biological Sciences 274:303-3.  A recent and relatively comprehensive effort to estimate the role of insect pollinators in crop production.

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